Timeline


2014
The new chapter
1851 Aldershot

Population of 875

1854
The Hutted Camp
1851
Aldershot
1854 The Hutted Camp

The Hutted Camp, as it was known, was built between 1854 and 1859. Its construction was hastened by the outbreak of the Crimean War in 1854. This camp largely consisted of timber huts arranged in a grid layout. The first phase of development instigated the gridiron planning framework, which was in part adapted by the later phases. Buildings included accommodation blocks and service buildings, such as cookhouses, churches and hospitals. The accommodation blocks also made provision for soldiers' wives and children.

1861
Aldershot
1854
The Hutted Camp
1861 Aldershot

Population of 16,000, including 9,000 military personnel.

1875
Cambridge Military Hospital
1861
Aldershot
1875 Cambridge Military Hospital

The Cambridge Military Hospital was built and would go on to become the most significant heritage asset at Wellesley. The hospital was built to replace existing hutted hospital accommodation and its design utilised the new continental idea of pavilion wards linked by corridors to provide the fresh air to patients and prevent infection spreading between wards. During the First World War, the hospital was the first base hospital to receive casualties straight from the Western Front.

1890
Permanent Brick Camp
1875
Cambridge Military Hospital
1890 Permanent Brick Camp

The second major phase of redevelopment at Aldershot occurred as a result of the 1890 Barrack Act, which proposed reconstruction of the country's major military camps in in permanent materials. In Aldershot, this involved the replacement of the existing wooden hutted accommodation with permanent brick buildings. The reconstruction comprehensively swept away the existing huts. However, the gridded layout established in the earlier phase was continued.

1897
Louise Margaret Hospital
1890
Permanent Brick Camp
1897 Louise Margaret Hospital

The Louise Margaret Hospital was built east of Cambridge Military Hospital, to treat soldiers' wives and children. The hospital was designed in a compact version of the pavilion ward layout and was named after the HRH The Duchess of Connaught and Strathearn.

1900
South Camp Expands
1897
Louise Margaret Hospital
1900 South camp expands

At the beginning of the twentieth century, the South Camp was still expanding and Aldershot became the home of the 1st and 2nd Divisions, which comprised the bulk of the 1st British Army.

1914
First World War
1900
South Camp Expands
1914 First World War

18,207 military personnel. It was from Aldershot that the British Expeditionary Force set out for France at the start of the First World War. The Garrison also had a strong association with the Canadian Army with three of the main Canadian units located within the Aldershot Command during the First World War.

1939
Second World War
1914
First World War
1939 Second World War

Aldershot military camp played a major role in the Second World War. The Garrison was once again strongly associated with the Canadian Army, serving as a major centre for units arriving in the United Kingdom and for repatriation at the end of the war. The Second World War had relatively little impact on the buildings in the garrison, Aldershot surprisingly escaped bombing and new buildings consisted purely of temporary timber hutting.

1960 - 1970
New wave of development
1939
Second World War
1960 New wave of development

The 1960s heralded the third major phase of redevelopment in Aldershot. As with 1890s Barracks Act reconstruction, this later redevelopment reflected the changing nature of warfare and the desire to improve the living and working environment of soldiers and their families. The 1960s development, just like the Barrack Act building program, embodied the latest ideas in planning and the use of building technology. The concept for the new garrison was the brain child of Sir Donald Gibson, who formed and directed the Planning Group as General Director of Works, at the Old War Office, and later became controller general at the Ministry of Public Building and Public Works. The design team consisted of Building Design Partnership under the control of Sir George Grenfell Baines OBE, and the noted landscape architect Brenda Colvin CBE

1965
First new barrack completed
1960 - 1970
New wave of development
1965 First new barracks completed

The first new barrack complex to be completed in South Camp was 'Montgomery Lines', built on the site of the former Corunna, Barossa and Albuhera barracks, west of Queen's Avenue. The barracks were named after Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery, Colonel Commandant of the Parachute Regiment from 1944 to 1956, who officially opened the barracks on 7th April 1965. Following this, other areas of South Camp were redeveloped during the 1960s and 70s. These include Browning Barracks, built in 1964, which served as a depot for the Parachute Regiment and which in 1969 was selected for a Civic Trust Award. Duchess of Kent Barracks which served the Women's Royal Army Corps were open by the Duchess of Kent on the 11 July 1969. Buller Barracks were also built between 1965 and 1970 to serve the Royal Corps of Transp

1990 - 2000
Closures and moves
1965
First new barrack completed
1990 Closures and moves

1995: Closure of Louise Margaret Hospital. 1996: Closure of Cambridge Military Hospital. 2000: The army gradually moved from South Camp to newly constructed buildings in North Camp, resulting in the site becoming increasingly disused.

2014
The new chapter
1990 - 2000
Closures and moves
2014 The new chapter

Today: The remaining buildings provide a unique record of the development of military history from 1870s to the present day, as well providing a poignant reminder to those who have served in the army or are connected to the area. The remnants of the carefully conceived mature landscape provide an ideal setting for the next phase of South Camp's evolution, the creation of Wellesley.

1851
Aldershot
1851
Aldershot
1854
The Hutted Camp
1861
Aldershot
1875
Cambridge Military Hospital
1890
Permanent Brick Camp
1897
Louise Margaret Hospital
1900
South Camp Expands
1914
First World War
1939
Second World War
1960 - 1970
New wave of development
1965
First new barrack completed
1990 - 2000
Closures and moves
2014
The new chapter